Mazur is regarded as one of the five Polish national
dances. Like most national dances originated with peasants, from the
Mazowsze region in east central
, was embellished by the social elite into an intricate, elegant, and
swift-moving dance form. For the Polish, Mazur was the last reminder of
as a once-great nation. In fact, it even became the Polish National
Anthem. This dance became immediately widespread after
lost its independence. It arrived at the courts of
and other fashionable gathering places of
. Mazur also became very popular in European courts under the French name
of Mazurka. The rhythm of Mazur is well known from Mazurkas created by the
famous Polish composer, Frederic Chopin.
Krakowiak is originally from the
area located in the Malopolska region, but over the years became so
popular that now it is considered not just a regional dance but it also
belongs to the group of national dances. Krakowiak is characterized by the
colourful costume, considered as a worldwide symbol of
, quick steps, and the brisk, energetic tempo of the music. As horses are
loved in this region, there is always a familiar galloping step prevalent
in the dance. Because of its exuberance and liveliness, Krakowiak was
liked everywhere and as a result spread all over
Situated in the eastern part of
region is famous for its dynamic dances. The most typical dances of this
region are Mach, Polka from Bilograj, Cygan, Folk Waltz, and Oberek. These
are presented in the form that was artistically adapted for stage
performance. Colorful original costumes are still used in the
region during wedding ceremonies and special village activities.
The fiery, acrobatic dance with lots of stomps,
shouts, jumps and twirls, often paired with the gentle, lyrical and
romantic Kujawiak, also ranked as a national dance of
. It was originated from the Mazowsze region but it is the only one of the
five National Dances to maintain its peasant integrity. It was spread only
in the late 19th century. Oberek music is lively, vigorous and fiery. It
is joyful and noisy dance with fast tempo and vibrant steps.
The Kaszuby region is part of the Pomeranian region
. The Kashubians being
seafaring people have come in contact with many other cultures which have
influenced their dances and costumes.
dances are mostly gentle, joyful and graceful. Although they have many
characteristic traits of the dances from the rest of
, especially from the neighboring regions of Warmia, Wielkopolska and even
Slask, they reveal obvious Swedish and German influences both in music and
in dance steps, which imitates the different moods of the sea.
A collection of lively songs and dances from the mountain region of Poland, full of temperament, energy and vigor. These dances are well known for its liveliness and quick tempo intertwined with singing, a lot of parts performed by girls or boys alone. Intricate and precise steps are characteristic in these dances.
Polka is the most popular folk dance in
. It has about 100 different variations. Few of the variations are danced
by the children, girl and adult group.
late 19th and early 20th century, Lwow was a hub of rich Polish and
Ukrainian cultures and colourful urban folklore.
From the outskirts of this city, inhabited predominantly by the
working class, comes this lively and humorous dance.
Town Polka reflects the joyful atmosphere of the Saturday dance
parties with the young men vying for the attention of the flirtatious